Arthritis is a condition in which the joints develop inflammation. One or multiple joints can get affected by it. Hundreds of types of it are known which have different causes and treatments. The most common types are rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and osteoarthritis (OA).
Arthritis is mostly seen affecting adults who are more than sixty-five years of age. However, it can develop in teens, young adults and children as well. Women are more affected by it than men. Overweight people are mostly seen as suffering from the problem. The article covers all about arthritis, its symptoms, causes and diagnosis.
Common Symptoms of Arthritis
The symptoms are commonly seen getting worsened during the morning hours. A person who has severe rheumatoid arthritis can cause deformity of the joints if it is not treated at the right time.
Other common symptoms which a person suffering from arthritis notice are:
- Pain in joints
- Swelling and stiffness felt in joints
- The skin around the joint forms redness
- A decrease in range of motion
- Feeling of tiredness
- Loss of appetite
- The decrease in the count of the red blood cell can cause anaemia
- Mild fever can also occur
Causes of Joint Pain
A flexible but firm connective tissue known as cartilage present in the joints helps in protecting the joints. It helps absorb any pressure or shock which the joint is exposed to when one moves or applies stress on the. Due to the average cartilage tissue amount getting reduced or lessened, causes arthritis to occur. OA, which is a common type of it, is more likely to occur in persons who have a family history of osteoarthritis.
Wear and tear of the cartilage tissue can increase the risks of developing osteoarthritis in a person. Rheumatoid arthritis is a common form of the problem which occurs in a person suffering from a weak immune system. When the immune system of the body starts attacking the tissues in the body can cause rheumatoid type of problem. It is a disorder of autoimmune.
The attacks of this type of arthritis can affect the soft tissue present in the joint known as synovium. This tissue is responsible for producing a fluid which helps nourish of the cartilage and lubricate the joint as well. This condition can lead to the destruction of a joint. It can gradually lead to the destruction of cartilage which is present inside the joint as well as the bone.
Diagnosis of Arthritis
Once you notice any symptoms of arthritis, you need first to consult your physician. A physical examination by the doctor to check the presence of the fluid around the joints will be performed. The doctor will check for redness around the joints and the limited motion range in the joints.
In case you feel your symptoms are severe, then you must necessarily visit a rheumatologist, who will ensure that the diagnosis and treatment process is fast. Analysis of the blood inflammation level and joint fluid can help in determining the type of arthritis you are suffering. Necessary blood tests must also be done. X-ray, CT scans and MRI can help get images of the cartilage and bones.
Therefore, it is essential to visit a doctor or physician as soon as you observe or notice any symptoms which will fasten the treatment procedure.